The legacy of colonialism

On average as much as 7 percent of GDP per annum left South Africa as capital flight between andan equivalent of 25 percent of non-gold imports. Second, many colonial powers were significantly weakened by World War II.

What is the real legacy of colonialism?

Thus, given the unevenness of natural resources across the continent, development along these lines tended to be concentrated in particular areas, for example, in the Congo or the racist states of South Africa and Rhodesia as it was known at the time, later renamed Zimbabwe.

Furthermore, Western European colonizers assumed the superiority of their own cultures. Under colonialism, the major powers on the continent set up administrative apparatuses that in some cases—mainly the British and the Germans—utilized local rulers, but, The legacy of colonialism Rodney writes, in no instance would the colonizers accept African self-rule.

Meredith Press, Until the late s mission hospitals were still setting the pace in medical care and leprosy treatment, with the help of government grants. This was caused by a number of reasons.

Howard University Press, And indeed, most 19th and early 20th century missionaries believed that colonialism was a good thing and aided the expansion of their respective homelands. For instance, Kiambu District alone in the Central Province with a population ofboasts a total road length of 1, The behaviour of the Western powers was also less than praiseworthy.

Grove Press, Colonialism linked the people of Africa to international capitalism system which is import and export oriented. Their doctrine is to proclaim the absolute need for nationalizing the theft of the nation.

One of the most extreme cases was Angola, a major producer of oil and diamonds. Former colonial powers maintained a military presence in their former colonies while the US became increasingly interested, in the s, in establishing outposts of their own, crucially making aid and loans contingent on that presence.

However, the Africans had their own value system and did not necessarily prefer the economic changes their new rulers were introducing.

What Is Colonial Legacy?

They believe that both missions and colonialism had damaging consequences of Western interference in African societies, with missionaries being among the most insidious influences. The French, on the other hand, virtually destroyed all indigenous political systems and established their own networks of administrators.

According to the World Bank, those two countries together have accounted for 55 percent of the industrial value in sub-Saharan Africa, while the other fifty-two countries share the remainder.

Legacies of colonialism in Africa

This was entirely due to the transfer activities of the major corporations like Anglo-American and the Rembrandt Group. Loss of Sovereignty and Independence: The strategic vision of national development—of rapid progress and industrial development—was, for both the African bourgeoisie and the Left, inseparable from key political questions.

Weak states and economic underdevelopment The weakness of postcolonial nations was a result of colonialism—which left a political heritage of weak states with limited control over territory and regimes that relied on ethnic divisions, a centralized authority, and patronage systems inherited from colonial rule.

With the approach of the era of independence after World War II, the US saw the emerging period as an opportunity to cement political and economic ties with the new nations of the continent: Arthur Young served in Malaya and Kenya though it should be noted that Young was apparently appalled by the atrocities being carried out in Kenya by British forces and left after less than eight months.

As such, the neo-liberal pathologizing of the corrupt black African state simply does not hold. This integration translated into hesitancy on the part of some regimes to embark on some of the hallmark tasks of the national development project, such as import-substitution, nationalization of industry, and redistribution of previously colonial-held land.

Several aspects of economic development under colonialism produced highly distorted and fragile economies; resulting in economic systems anchored to a narrow export base with a concomitant weak industrial sector and anemic rates of growth.

There was campaign against such diseases like sleeping sickness, leprosy, plague, yellow fever, cholera, Tuberculosis etc. Colonialism introduced into Africa a real, fulltime, well trained and standing armies used in the 1st and 2nd WW.

Not coincidentally, those countries identified for their strategic importance for their investment potential tended to also be on the receiving end of concerted US intervention, notably the Congo, where the United States and Belgium secretly funded the assassination of Congolese radical nationalist leader Patrice Lumumba in It also saw the establishment of a Danish colonial empire and some Swedish overseas colonies.

The starting-point for these preoccupations was the attempt to explain why the orthodox theory of world trade did not work for the poor countries—why for them, it apparently produced impoverishment.Colonialism is the policy of a foreign polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of opening trade opportunities.

Legacies of colonialism in Africa

The colonizing country seeks to benefit whilst the colonized country or land mass, as many of the colonized countries were not countries at all, modernize in terms. the legacy of colonialism Colonialism lasted for about years in Africa and indeed it had a great impact on African people and their continent though controversial.


Many European and Eurocentric historians have argued that the impact was both positive and agronumericus.coms: 5. The legacy of colonialism reproduced a political and economic straitjacket for the newly independent nations from the beginning.

Competing economic ideologies of the postindependence societies battled over whether development would proceed along free-market or state-directed lines.

the political and economic legacy of colonialism in the post-independence african states Article (PDF Available) · March with 63, Reads Cite this publication. The Legacy of Colonialism This is the first in a series of articles on the subject of Africa: its history, its peoples, its problems, its challenges, its future.

Africa, the second largest continent on planet earth, shows up on the radar screen of the Western media when a natural disaster strikes, a new revolution breaks out, or the latest. the legacy of colonialism Colonialism lasted for about years in Africa and indeed it had a great impact on African people and their continent though controversial.

Many European and Eurocentric historians have argued that the impact was both positive and agronumericus.coms: 5.

The legacy of colonialism
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