A comparison of the teachings of mencius and confucius

Once Mencius met a man, who was going to Chu to persuade them that war was unprofitable. When the king asked him why a good man would take up arms at all if it is only to contend for spoil, Xun-zi replied that a good person loves others and hates to see men do them harm.

Thus the emperor punished but did not attack, while the feudal lords attack but do not punish. Zeng was obviously not the humanist that Confucius was, and he seems to have emphasized filial piety even more than the master; the Classic of Filial Piety is often attributed to him.

A ruler just needs to take care of the people, acting like parents. Government by filial piety means not neglecting the ministers of small states nor ignoring widows nor mistreating servants and concubines, much less the aristocrats, scholars, people, wives, and children.

He said yes, because the king had no right to give Yen to another; but he explained that he was not encouraging Qi to invade Yen, because only a heaven-appointed officer had the A comparison of the teachings of mencius and confucius to do so. Injuries to one's nature are sickness, and unforeseen occurrences are fate.

Knowing your nature ledads to knowing heaven. They love others and yet acknowledge the evil that is in them. It does not punish the common people but those who lead them astray.

The learning of the best is manifest in action, but what the small people hear comes right out the mouth. It does not punish the common people but those who lead them astray. Mencius mentioned that the current teachings in the empire were those of Yang Zhu and Mo-zi.

Li Si persuaded the king of Qin not to banish all foreigners, and after Qin conquered all of China in BC he was a high minister two years later and chancellor by BC. In governing Xun-zi recommended promoting the worthy, dismissing the incompetent, punishing the incorrigibly evil, and teaching the average people.

Clinging to profit and turning aside from what is right Xun-zi called depravity. Xun-zi summarized his policies this way: Mencius recommended that if farmers help each other to keep watch, and nurse each other in illness, they will live in love and harmony.

When this Grand Union fell into disuse, the kingdom became hereditary, and now everyone loves their own parents and cherishes their own children, working for their own advantage. The filial feudal lord is not proud and arrogant but frugal and prudent in order to keep his wealth and dignity.

Mencius believed that no one is devoid of a heart sensitive to the suffering of others and used the example of a baby about to fall into a well. The general may refuse to obey the command of his ruler if he is told to take up an untenable position, attack without hope of victory, or deceive the common people.

Mencius said, "Seek and you will find it; let go and you will lose it. In case of gross wrong, the son should admonish the father just as the minister should admonish his sovereign and a friend admonish a scholar.

To Confucius, humaneness was a way of human behavior that is realized in specific daily practices.

A comparison of the teachings of mencius and confucius

Dong Zhongshu believed that humans are the only creatures capable of practicing goodness and justice, but they can also be greedy.

Enlightenment results from sincerity. He observed that Qin used a system of rewards and punishments to build up their strength and expand their territory with repeated victories in the last four generations. The rules of propriety were used by great men of power and position to drive away rulers who did not follow them, having recourse to arms.

King Xuan asked how to promote good relations with other states.

Compare and Contrast of Mencius and Confucius

Only one who will not do some things is capable of doing great things. A person of breeding loves the law and puts it into effect. In a time of much logical debate, Xun-zi attempted to "rectify names" by defining his terms.

Courtesy and humility are contrary to the emotional nature and must be learned by conscious action. Distinctions were set up so that those above could watch over those below, but he did not seem to rationalize this with the principle of justice. For Mencius good government was not as important as good education, because the people fear good government; but they love good education.

Yet he cautioned Zilu against immediate action, because he tended to be rash. Taoist Philosophy building an outline for a research paper for 21st Century.

Human calamities tend to result from prejudices. Xun-zi believed that if everyone is treated equally, conflict will result from insufficient goods. The best do what is proper to their position and do not go beyond this.

Xun-zi composed a poem complaining of one who considers the blind clear-sighted, the deaf keen of hearing, and who considers danger security, asking finally "Why did I ever have anything in common with him? Influence of Confucius Mencius The only other person in China to have his name commonly Latinized besides Confucius is Meng-zi Menciuswho is thought to have lived from to BC.Confucius's teachings were later turned into a long set of rules and practices by his numerous followers who organized his teachings into the Analects.

In the centuries after his death, Mencius and Xun Zi both came up with important teachings expanding on the fundamentals associated with Confucius. Confucius described an ethical Heaven and ethical human beings that corresponded to and were supervised by Heaven, for Mencius, an ethical human being is a moral universe on his own.

Indeed, ethical human nature and one's very physical life force, the qi, were intertwined. In fact, most scholars believe it is actually Mencius, and not Confucius, who came up with Confucianism's central concept of Jen.

Sometimes also spelled Ren, Jen, simply stated, is the desire to.

A comparison of the teachings of mencius and confucius

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The Basic Difference between confucius / Mencius and Xun Zi

Confucius described an ethical Heaven and ethical human beings that corresponded to and were supervised by Heaven, for Mencius, an ethical human being is a moral universe on his own.

Indeed, ethical human nature and one's very physical life force, the qi, were intertwined.

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A comparison of the teachings of mencius and confucius
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